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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

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IN the quarter of Aivan Serai, a few paces to the rear of the Heraclian Wall, stands a small mosque known as Toklou Ibrahim DedŁ Mesjedi, the architectural features of which proclaim it at once to be an old Byzantine chapel. There is no decisive tradition in regard to the identity of the building. The Patriarch Constantius is uncertain whether it should be recognised as the church of S. Nicholas or as the church of S. Thekla, two sanctuaries situated in the quarter of Blachernae. It cannot have been the former, inasmuch as the site of that church was near the Holy Well, still venerated by Christians and Moslems,1 in the area enclosed between the Wall of Heradius and the Wall of Leo the Armenian, .now a picturesque Turkish cemetery. One argument for regarding the building as the church of S. Thekla, in this part of the city, is the striking similarity of its Turkish name Toklou to the Greek name Thekla, rendering it exceedingly probable that the former is a corruption of the latter, and a reminiscence of the original designation of the edifice.2 Turkish authorities, however, ' have their own explanation of the name Toklou. In the Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Achmed Rifaat Bffendi, we are told that a certain Toklou Ded6 was the guardian of the tombs of the companions of Khaled, who took part in the first siege of Constantinople (673) by the Saracens. c His real name was Ghazi Ismail; Dogulu was his nickname. Now Dogh is the Persian for a drink named
1 Ancient and Modern C.P. p. 46.                        2 Paspates, p. 359,